Understanding The Different Types Of Cannabis Strains: Sativa, Indica, And Hybrid

When it comes to cannabis, new users can feel overwhelmed by the sheer amount of different types of strains out there. With numerous varieties and blends available, it’s important to understand the distinctions between them and how each will affect your overall experience. When talking about different types of cannabis, usually the conversation falls into three main categories; sativa, indica and hybrid. 

Here, we’ll explore the different types of cannabis strains and discuss the unique qualities and characteristics of each one. 

1. Sativa

Sativa strains are popularly known for having energizing and uplifting properties. Due to their stimulating effects on the mind, sativa strains are particularly popular among those who are looking to boost their mood and creativity, or to provide an extra boost while engaging in social activities. Those seeking relief from inflammatory pain, such as headaches, migraines, and cramps may find sativa to be beneficial as well. 

Popular strains include Jack Herer and Blue Dream. You can read more about Blue Dream strain Cannabis here. 

2. Indica

In contrast to sativa, indica strains are known for having more sedative and relaxing effects, making them ideal for treating pain, stress, and insomnia. Indica is generally described as having a heavier, and more “body-focused” effect, which can help with periodic aches and pains and promote the feeling of relaxation and deeper sleep, without the intense euphoria of a sativa strain. 

Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush, and Granddaddy Purple are popular strains. 

3. Hybrid

For those looking for a more balanced high, hybrid cannabis is often the best option. Hybrids combine the characteristics of both indica and sativa strains, in order to create a specific overall intention or effect. There are many varieties, with different blends of indica and sativa, resulting in effects that are different but still balanced. Hybrids are ideal for those who want both head effects (from the sativa side) and physical relaxation (from the indica side). 

Cherry Pie and OG Kush are some popular hybridized strains. 

4. Differentiating Cannabis Strains

With the wide variety of cannabis strain types available, it can be overwhelming to determine which is best for you and your individual needs. Fortunately, by understanding the difference between sativa and indica, and paying attention to the effects experienced with each strain, you can begin to experiment on your own journey of discovery and find the right strain for you. 

5. THC

THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the main ingredient in cannabis that produces psychoactive effects. When comparing cannabis strains, it’s important to understand the differences in THC content, as it will directly link to the type of high you experience. 

Most sativa strains are higher in THC and are known for their head-highs, while indicas are known for their body-highs. Hybrids are generally somewhere in the middle in terms of the THC content, resulting in a balanced high. 

6. CBD

Another compound found in cannabis is CBD, or cannabidiol. Unlike THC, CBD does not contain psychoactive properties. CBD has become increasingly popular, as it has been reported to have potential therapeutic benefits, such as relief from anxiety and inflammation. 

CBD is usually found in higher concentrations with indica strains, although some hybrids have equal parts of CBD and THC. 


Experience with cannabis is continuously growing and users are becoming increasingly more knowledgeable on the different types of strains that are available. By contemplating the unique characteristics and effects of each strain, consumers can decide which one matches up with their individual needs and wants. Whether deciding on sativa, indica, or hybrid, cannabis has plenty of pros and opportunities that can aid a wide range of activities and provide many different benefits.

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